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HSS 100 - Trade Routes: Silk, Sand, & Sea Roads: Citation

When to Use Citations

You must use citations when:

  • You use a direct quote from a resource.
  • You paraphrase a sentence or paragraph from a source.
  • You use an IDEA from a source that is not common knowledge.

When in doubt, cite it!

Save time with a Citation generator

The joy of finding footnotes and bibliographic entries that lead to the perfect original source can only happen when scholars carefully track their sources and generate citations in an appropriate style.  Neglecting to track your sources as you move through the research process will cost you HOURS of precious time. 

Try this excellent tool:

NoodleBib is a bibliographic citation and notes management tool. It creates citations for dozens of source types in a variety of styles.  It also helps you keep your citations associated with source notes you create.  It is simple to use and will save you HOURS.

Citation Forms

The Turabian citation format is generally used for history research papers.  If your specific source type is not listed on these sheets, please see a librarian at the help desk for assistance with using the the Turabian Manual for Writers.

Instructional Librarian

Liza Oldham's picture
Liza Oldham
Contact:
Oliver Wendell Holmes Library
Phillips Academy
180 Main St.
Andover, MA 01810
978-749-4237